Rowling was born on July 31, 1965 to Peter James Rowling and Anne Rowling (née Volant), in Yate, Gloucestershire, England, 10 miles (16 km) northeast of Bristol.

Her mother Anne was half-French, half-Scottish. Her mother's maternal grandfather, Dr Dugald Campbell, was born in Lamlash on the Isle of Arran. Her mother's paternal grandfather, Louis Volant, was awarded the Croix de Guerre for exceptional bravery in defending the village of Courcelles-le-Comte during the First World War.

J. K. Rowling's Family Tree